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William Glaze Palmetto Armory Bayonet w/Scabbard & Frog
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William Glaze Palmetto Armory Musket Bayonet with Original Scabbard and Frog

Glaze's 1851 arms contract with the State of South Carolina included 6,000 muskets with bayonets. The muskets show some variation, but generally follow the 1842 pattern and according to Reilly the bayonets generally fall into two types: the 1835 style, with no locking ring and an 1816 style with the standard T-mortise. These latter bayonets, of which this is an example, have a 16-inch blade with a partial face flute, and a 3-inch socket, and show a heavy over-stamping of the original US markings with SC/WG stamps, which agree with Glaze's use of various surplus armory parts to complete his contracts.

In fact, according to Moller, just about all of the metal parts for the muskets were supplied by A.H. Waters and Company of Millbury, Mass., who had furnished the muskets for Glaze's 1849 and 1850 contracts. For those weapons Waters had utilized not only parts he made, but parts he only finished, or had purchased at government auction or from other gun-makers and dealers. Glaze's 1851 muskets and their component parts thus show some variation as well. Bands might be brass or iron, bayonet studs mounted on top or underneath the barrel and barrels and stocks are recorded that even bear government condemnation stamps. Glaze's bayonets thus show some variety as well.

Meyer reports "at least" three examples known of this pattern with these marks, one of which one was dug up near Middleton Depot in South Carolina, where some Confederate trains were destroyed in April 1865. (Note: these are not the same as the "US/SC" marked bayonets- see Reilly.)

Condition- Smooth gray metal mixed with darker areas showing some bright underneath, good edge and point, no pitting or edge nicks. One scratch about 5/8 inch long on top of socket. Small ding to back of spine about 1/2 inch from elbow. Otherwise very good.

The scabbard and frog appear original to this bayonet and are likely pre-war South Carolina militia accoutrements. The frog has a sewn belt loop and throat with a broad V-notch that supports a flat topped brass stud at the scabbard throat. The scabbard is sewn along the bottom edge rather than the top flat, and is full length, though missing a tip and showing just a slight bit of wear at the very end of the leather. Both scabbard and frog are solid with an excellent surface that is tarred or heavily varnished. The face of the scabbard body show four deeply impressed stars. These are not the usual stake marks seen on some leather gear to close up tack holes left by leather workers, but five-pointed, ornamental stars.

Regarded as secondary Confederate weapons, both the muskets and bayonets are scarce and saw service throughout the war.

I show parts of Reilly's book on bayonets and Meyer's booklet on Glaze published by the SC State Museum.

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